India is a favorite wildlife tourist destination and has picturesque hill stations, perfect natural beauty with misty, mystical, gorgeous forests.
South Indian states Karnataka and Tamilnadu border with famous historic town Mysore and Ooty hill station highway where the Deccan Plateau rises to meet the wrinkled folds of the Western Ghat Mountains and the Nilgiri Mountains . Between these two lies the famous and thrilling forest, Bandipur National Park .
A Sanctuary of 90 sq. km. area was created in Bandipur Reserve Forest in 1931. Venugopala Wildlife Park &was constituted in 1941, extending over 800 sq. km. The Park was named after the god, Venugopala of the shrine atop Gopalsawamy Betta. Bandipur Tiger reserve was formed by including most of the forest area of the then Venugopala Wildlife Park and its sanctum sanctorum at Bandipur, in the year 1973 and named Bandipur National Park .
A Unique feature of this National Park is that it connects two other wildlife sanctuaries namely Wayanad sanctuary in Kerala and the Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary in Tamilnadu and therefore forms a continuous block that extends up to Nagarhole with the Kabini Reservoir as the boundary. It is bordered by the Nagarhole National Park in the north, the Mudumalai sanctuary of Tamilnadu in the south, and Wayanad sanctuary of Kerala in the west. All these 4 units have since been combined to constitute India 's first Biosphere reserve called the Nilgiri biosphere reserve.
Bandipur lies in the southern state of Karnataka and covers a forest area of 865 square kilometers. It was declared a National Park in 1974 and is one of the original 9 tiger reserves under the watchful eye of "Project Tiger".
The temperature varies between 10 0 C and 35 0 C. The altitude across the park ranges from 680 meters at the lowest to 1454 meters at the highest point, which is located at a mountain peak known as Gopalswamy Betta. The park has an average annual rainfall of 1200mm and the wet months are mainly between June and August. The ideal time for visiting the park is between March - June and then September - November.
A paradise for wildlife and bird watching, visitors and birders can spot them either from vehicles or on elephant back. There is a Wildlife interpretation centre in the park where wildlife films will be shown which helps to add to their knowledge about wildlife.
The park, due to its closeness to nearby big towns like Mysore and Bangalore , has also become a weekend getaway spot for Bangalore tourists.
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